Not all franchises are created equal. This article highlights special considerations when valuing franchises, such as evaluating the risk vs. return, analyzing the franchise agreement and searching for factors that add to or detract from value.
Public company data often is used to value private businesses. But there are important differences in how public and private entities operate. This article explains what’s different and how experts adjust their business valuation methodology to account for the differences.
The merger and acquisition (M&A) market is currently hot in many industries. But, before merging with another business, it’s important to do your homework. This article explains how a business valuation professional can help with buy-side due diligence. In addition to evaluating historical and prospective financial statements, an expert can help identify potential hidden liabilities and misrepresentations. A sidebar discusses the recent withdrawal of the proposed regulations on liquidation restrictions when valuing interests for gift and estate taxes.
The market approach is based on a straightforward premise: The value of a business can be derived from the prices others are paying for similar businesses. But, in practice, this valuation technique isn’t nearly so simple. This article identifies several common mistakes that experienced business valuation experts have learned to avoid when applying the market approach.
Asking the right questions and obtaining clarification up front can help business owners, attorneys and other interested parties get the most from a business valuation expert’s expertise and avoid costly mistakes. This article suggests several points to investigate when engaging a business valuation expert, including their credentials and professional experience as well as their ability to explain the appropriate standard of value and the valuation’s purpose. The article states that the more clients understand about the valuation process, the better able they will be to ask the right questions.
Business valuation experts can’t always accept the subject company’s financial statements at face value. Sometimes adjustments are needed before an expert can use the financial statements to value a business. This article provides three common types of adjustments and explains when each one might be relevant.
Under U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), two new accounting rules on revenue recognition and leases will soon go into effect for public companies. (Private companies get an extra year’s reprieve.) This article explains that these changes could have a major impact on how business valuation professionals evaluate financial statements, apply pricing multiples and estimate a company’s cost of capital.
Business valuation professionals must decide whether shareholder loans are bona fide debt obligations, a type of equity transaction or a hybrid of the two. Debt vs. equity classification has relevance when valuing a business, as well as in divorce cases. This article explains why the distinction matters and what factors the IRS considers when deciding what qualifies as a bona fide loan.
In re Appraisal of PetSmart, Inc., Delaware Ch., C.A. No. 10782-VCS, May 26, 2017
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) is the biggest change to the tax law in over 30 years. This article explains why it’s important to consider 1) how tax reform will specifically affect the subject company’s cash flow, 2) how management plans to use any tax savings, and 3) whether management’s projections seem reasonable. A sidebar explains how the new law could also affect a company’s tax base (the amount to which new, lower tax rates will be applied).
Business valuation experts often help formulate settlement offers in divorce cases. This article highlights provisions of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) that could affect divorce settlements, including elimination of the deduction for alimony payments, restricted deductions for state and local taxes, expanded uses of Section 529 education plans and reductions in business tax rates. A sidebar defines alimony under the tax rules that will apply through 2018.